What is artificial insemination?
Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment that delivers sperm into a woman’s cervix (intracervical insemination) or uterine cavity (intrauterine insemination) in order to achieve pregnancy. Both intracervical and intrauterine insemination are quick and painless procedures that can be attempted multiple times without causing injuries or medical issues. Artificial insemination can be performed during a normal ovulation cycle or during a stimulated cycle, which uses a follicle stimulating hormone. Typically, the natural cycle is the least aggressive method and is usually attempted first.
How is it performed?
During the insemination procedure, sperm is injected into the female reproductive tract through the vagina. Inseminations are performed at the time or prior to ovulation. Ovulation is determined by monitoring the menstruation cycle, measuring the basal body temperature, evaluating the quality of cervical mucus, and using sonograms or ovulation predictor kits. The procedure usually takes 5-10 minutes and is performed twice a month until pregnancy is achieved.
How many insemination procedures should be attempted?
2-3 cycles of intracervical or intrauterine insemination are usually the maximum number that should be attempted before moving on to more aggressive fertility treatments. One vial of sperm is used during the procedure, but two vials may be used.
Request fertility treatments in the San Fernando Valley
If you are woman struggling with fertility, schedule an appointment at Premier Women’s Health Associates in West Hills, California. Dr. Ott is a board-certified OB/GYN who can help determine the cause of your infertility, and can provide the best treatment for you. If you’re interested in artificial insemination, request an appointment online or give us a call at (818) 346-5000.